Chiang Rai History
Chiang Rai is the northest province of Thailand.
North: Myanmar & People’s Democratic Republic of Laos
South: Lampang and Phayao Provinces
East: People’s Democratic Republic of Laos and Phayao Provinces
West: Myanmar and Chiang Mai Province
History Chiang Rai
When Phaya Meng Rai gathered in cities of the North territory around. He athletics the army to show battle per capita city south down. The gathering at Long Gu Dao City And the keeper of the sacred elephant 1804-1854 fried (bound) in the forest hill head east be lost, the king mangrai has come to track the elephant to gold mountain river kg nut method. Can see the plains terrain, vision Rich is a good location. Therefore, creating a new world, up there, build forts DOI chom thong around get in among the city, dubbed the city. “Wiang Chiang Rai.” according to the name of mangrai builders on 26 January 1805 so. Therefore, the white elephant under a cloud of glory and peace on the purple background. Saturday, which match the Nativity of Phaya mengrai is the provincial colour.
The motto of Chiang Rai
“The northernmost of Siam, the frontiere of three lands,
the home to the culture of Lanna and Doi Tung Temple”
Chiangrai : Global Golden Gateway of Lanna Culture and International Trade
Flower name:Pyrostegia venusta
Scientific Name: Pyrostegia Venusta (ker) Miers
Family: Bignonia Ceae
Other Name: Orange trumpet, Flane Flower, Fire – Cracder Vine
Provincial tree: Radermachera ignea
Scientific Name: Radermachera ignea (Kurz) Steenis
Other Name: –
Chiang Rai province is located in northern Thailand. Is located between the 19 degree to 20 degree Latitude over to 30 minutes north and 99 degrees to 100 degrees longitude over to 15 minutes east and it is 785 kilometers away from the Bangkok.
North: Myanmar & People’s Democratic Republic of Laos
East: People’s Democratic Republic of Laos
South: Phayao and Lampang Provinces
West: Myanmar and Chiang Mai Province
Along the border to Myanmar, Mae Chan, Mae Sai, Mae Fa Luang and Chiang Saen District, total 130 kilometer divided to line mountain 100 kilometer, line Sai River 10 kilometer and line Ruak River20 kilometerAlong the border to People’s Democratic Republic of Laos distance 180 kilometer by as Mekong River 90 kilometer and line mountain 94 kilometer.
ChiangRai has high mountains in the Northern continent (Continental North Highland) with high ground as a stray in the district Mae Suai and wiang Pa Pao of ChiangKhong, and mountains to a height of approximately 1,500-2,000 m above sea level. Sandy Plains, according to a major river basin in the central part of the area include the town bridge, Mae Chan District in Mae Sai, Chiang Saen and Chiang Khong has a height of about 410-580 m above sea level.
1.4 climatic conditions
The temperature in the year 2001 – 2005. Average temperature throughout the year is between 33 to 1 degrees Celsius. The maximum temperature was 38.8 degrees Celsius on April 28, 2001 and the date of May 9, 2003. The average rainfall per year 1,768 millimeters. Most in the year 2001. The number of rainfall was 2,287.60 to 1,404.10 millimeters in the year 2003. Average rainfall per year is 143 days. The winter season (November – February) with average temperatures of around 15.0 degrees Celsius to minimum of 8 degrees Celsius on Jan 28, 2001
Chiang Rai Province has an area of 11,678,369 square kilometres which is equivalent to 7,298,981 acres. In 1999 there was a forest area 2,365,967 acres which was 32.42% of the total land area. The forest area is divided into 3 categories which is as follows:Doi Luang National Park :- It covers 731,250 acres comprises of Amphoe Phan, Mae Suai and Wiang Pao in Chiang Rai Province. It also includes Amphoe Mae Chai and Amphoe Merng of Phayo Province as well as Amphoe Wang Nuea and Amphoe Ngao of Lampang Province.Khun Chyae National pPark :- It covers 168,750 acres of land comprises of Amphoe Wiang Pa Pao in Chiang Rai Province.Phu Shang National Park :- It covers 178,050 acres , comprises of Amphoe Thoeng in Chiang Rai Province, Amphoe Chiang Kham and sub Amphoe Phu Charng in Phyao Province.Mae Peern National Park :- It covers total of 227,312 acres of land comprises of Amphoe Merng, amphoe Phan and Amphoe Pa Dad in Chiang Rai Province as well as Amphoe Mae Chai, Amphoe Merng and sub Amphoe Phhu Carn Yao in Phayo Province.Lan Narm Kok National Park :- It covers 467,185 acres of land comprises of Amphoe Merng, Amphoe Mae Chan, Amphoe Mae Lao and Amphoe Mae Suai in Chiang Rai Province.
1.5.2 Forest Park
The Forest Park is a natural resource which the government has designated as a relaxation spot for the public. It can also be developed as a tourist attraction in the Chiang Rai Province. In Chiang Rai Province, there are 10 forest parks, which are
1. The Tham Luang – Khun Nam Nang Non Forest Park has an area of 5,000 acres in the National Reserved Forest Park. It lies in the area of Doi Nang Norn Forest in Tambon Pong Pah, Amphoe Mae Sai of Chiang rai Province.
2. 3,500 acres in the National Reserved Forest. It lies in the forest water shed covering the area of Mae Kham, Mae Sa long and on the left side of Mae Chan in Tambon Inner Mae Salong, Amphoe Mae Fah Luang of Chiang Rai Province.
3. in the National Reserved Huay Sak Forest. On the right is Mae Kok Forest, Doi Luang National Reserve Forest, Nam Yao Forest and Nam Khor Forest, all are in Amphoe Paya Meng Rai of Chiang Rai Province.
4. Mae Toh Waterfall Forest Park with area of 4,000 acres lies in the National Reserved Forest Mae Poon Noi, Mae Poon Luang Forest and Huay Pong Mane Forest in Amphur Wiang Pah Pao of Chiang Rai Province.
5. 2,500 acres lies Mae Ing National Reseve Forest on the right hand side and Mae Ngao Forest. It is in Amphoe Thoeng and Amphoe Wiang Kaen of Chiang Rai Province.
6. Mae Chan on the Left side. It lies in Amphoe Mae Fah Luang of Chiang Rai Province.
7. Wang Tharn Tong waterfall Forest Park,with an area of 8,000 acres lies in the National Reserved Forest. Sop Kok on the right hand side. It is in Amphoe Chiang Saen in Chiang Rai Province.
8.Doi Phra Bat Forest Park has area of 3,000 acres the National Reserved Forest Royal locality king amphoe wiang chiang rung Chiang Rai Province.
9. acres in the National Reserved Forest Royal locality king amphoe wiang chiang rung Chiang Rai Province.
10. The Phaya Pipak Forest Park area of about 3,750 acres in the National Reserved Forest wild red forest and Huai Tan Forest and Huay Krai amphur Khun Tan Chiang Rai Province.
1.5.3 The Garden proactive (Arboretum)
National Chiang Rai Province. There is a garden national proactive only hotel is a garden national proactive Pong District, parsley leaves the city has an area of 668.75 plants most are teak wood large in size which is the forest theremainder of the original and the planting of trees.
1.5.4 Rearward National Forest
national reserved Chiang Rai province has all the forest 30 has a total area of 4,485,966 acres as a percentage of 61.46 Province Area is divided into the area to the conservation of the number of 3,525,896 acres area offers the cover of 960,070 acres as a separate forest area of the economy 513,683 acres forest for agriculture 425,832 acres area and night the Royal Forest Department declared this forest park 20,555 acres
1.5.5 The forest community (community forest)
community is the natural forest. The villagers to help protect the security for a source of the water and functional with the current to create the forest community in the public areas to take advantage of the community.
1.5.6 The Non-hunting Area
Number 1 is the Do Not Hunting Nong the fully discharge the Chiang Saen district with 2,711 acres.
1.6 The natural resources of the mineral found in Chiang Rai province consists of
tungsten tungsten mineral asbestos found in the west side of the city in the mae suai and Vieng target which may occur as a source of asbestos free such as the PC and the light flyweight cassiterite or there may be combined with other minerals such as tin and the circle of tin and the circle of asbestos two types of Asbestos in the group base metal may be shared with the mineral tungsten there is more in the mountains to the west as well but there is the amount and the production of less than the tungsten manganese as a source of asbestos that is small in size has been made in the field Thoeng District with the current convert given in the district route, but do not have made the backlightand Gallaher Is Asbestos found in the field Thoeng District and Chiang Rai of but do not have the land and the White Ball Clayton asbestos found in Amphoe Wiang Pah Pao yield a small number of current production. The Ball Clayton from the mine only one limestone. The industry is a limestone that is used in the cement industry is used to make plaster for the industry. skin and the sugar industry to produce a limestone in the district of the city and wiang chai
2. Politics and Government
2.1 Units of Administrative
Chiang Rai Province. Divide the administrative unit out as
– Government agency attached to the Regional institute 27.
– Government agency attached to the global institute 85.